Hopkins-Nanjing Center for Chinese and AmericanStudies
Course Descriptions Spring Semester 2015
This course will consider five globalization paradigms. Noneentirely explain what we call globalization; at best each captures only a partof a complex unfolding reality. We will cover four structuralist approaches tounderstanding today’s interconnected world, i.e., the political, economic, sociological,and environmental perspectives. These constitute the current mainstream effortsto understand globalization. One challenge is to understand how these differentspheres join to produce our experience of the world. Perhaps an even greaterchallenge is to remove the obstacles to a more just and sustainable world.
The political approach examines the inability of the nation-state tofulfill its mandate to protect and provide for humanity, whether constituted asindividual nations or as a united whole. The study of the politics ofglobalization focuses on the governance gaps in today’s world. This politics tries to manage issues thatconventional political institutions cannot or will not manage.
The economic approach looks at how globalized production, trade, andinvestment systems create winners and losers. We will be looking at howtechnological and policy factors have transformed a world of sovereign nationaleconomies into a single global economy, and with what consequences.
The sociological approach looks at global society as more than acollection of self-contained national societies. It tries to discover globalsocial structure, processes, institutions, norms, and culture. Key conceptsinclude global consumerism, core civilizations, trans-local human communities;global media; international civil society; global social movements; globalcities; and universal law and values.
The ecological approach focuses on the interdependence of the socialand natural worlds in any discussion of human progress and well-being. Thisapproach necessarily focuses on how the pursuit of human progress construednarrowly as ever more production, consumption, and accumulation of materialwealth has unbalanced the biological and physical worlds.
In contrast to the four above-mentioned paradigms, a fifth paradigmwith which we will end this course is an evolutionary theory that differsradically from conventional structuralist theories. It examines the socialworld from the level of planetary existence that is evolving toward ever-higherlevels of complexity and consciousness. It suggests that humanity today faces achoice between extinction and transcendence of conventional ways of thinking.i.e., we must elevate our level of consciousness to overcome obstacles of ourown creation.
Asthe title suggests, this course will compare the foreign policies of differentcountries. First, it will characterize foreign policy theoretically as well asthematically before going on to examine the foreign policy of individual majorpowers (the US, China, Russia, Germany, Japan, and India). For this purpose wewill be using parameters such as relative power, geopolitical circumstances,domestic political institutions, ideology, historical experience, and culturalvalues.
The purpose of this course is to introduce students to the theory andpractice of corporate finance.The method of teaching will include lectures andcase studies. The lectures willintroduce some theories and give examples of applications. The case studieswill give students a chance to apply these ideas themselves to real companiesand discuss the advantages and disadvantages of different approaches.
The recent credit crisis arising from the collapse of the subprimemortgage market had a large impact on the world economy. At the time ofwriting, some worry that the debt crisis in the Euro zone could have a similarimpact. The causes of both these crises had been building up for years, if notdecades, yet few recognized the warning signs.
ComparativeEconomies: U.S. and China
This class will analyze the economic development of China and the UnitedStates since 1945 and consider the current and future challenges these economieswill face.
The class will be primarily applied in focus, but we will introduce someeconomic theory to help understand certain issues where appropriate. Studentswill consider the challenges each economy has faced, understand the responsesto these challenges and consider alternative responses.
The title of our textbook for this course (From Colony toSuperpower: U.S. Foreign Relations Since 1776) suggests the main theme of thiscourse. The political entity named the United States of America has undergonedramatic and transformative changes over the duration of its 237 years ofindependence, and these changes are reflected in the shifts and changes in itsforeign policy. History is the study ofchange over time. In such study, mastery of essential empirical data isprofoundly important. So, in our course the focus will be upon the record offacts, so far as we can determine them, by study of at least some sections ofthe textbook, by attention to the course lectures, and from research, onlineand in our Library.
While generally pursuing the chronological unfolding of events, asrecounted perhaps too fully by our textbook, we will also from time to timefocus on particular events (e.g., the negotiations between the United Statesand Japan prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor) and on particularinterpretations. A major example of the latter will be the provocative book ofinterpretation, Walter Russell Mead’s Special Providence. We will probably divide the class into fourteams, each one of which will concentrate on one of Mead’s four categories of analysis andcommentary. Each team will test its assigned thesis (from Mead) by applying itto the knowledge acquired from our textbook and the course lectures.
This course will begin with some general considerations of Christianmissionary activity in China, since the time of Matteo Ricci (arrived Macau1582). As the semester advances we will sharpen our focus to the nineteenth andtwentieth centuries and to the particular undertakings of North AmericanProtestant missionaries. Mementoes of their operations are all around us, fromthe buildings erected for the University of Nanking, now occupied by NanjingUniversity, to the original buildings of Gulou Hospital. Our class will visitthese and other sites built in Nanjing by missionaries.
In addition to bricks and mortar, missionaries also left writtenaccounts of their work and lives here in China. We will read eyewitness accountsof the Nanjing Massacre written by American missionaries who stayed on in thiscity during and after the horrors of December 1937. A recent memoir by a missionary child, anAmerican woman now in her nineties, will give us an idea of life here in Nanjingduring the 1920s and 1930s. Other recent books will help us understand how somepeople, women especially, found the missionary field in China to be one inwhich they could exercise and develop their professions. Conversely, a number of American childrenborn to missionaries in China --“mish-kids,” as they called themselves -- became prominent in their professionsin America. Examples are: Pearl Buck, Henry Luce, James C. Thomson, Jr., JohnLeighton Stuart, and John Hersey. The latter became famous for his book aboutthe atomic bomb’s destructionof Hiroshima and for his novel A Bell for Adono. But he also wrote many otheritems, including an unusually sensitive and evocative historical novel, TheCall, about missionary life in China, based on his own experience and that ofhis father. The Call will be our commonreading in the final portion of the course.
InternationalRelations of the Asia-Pacific
This course will introduce and analyze the international relationsof the Asia-Pacific, weighing the various intellectual approaches that scholarsuse for theoretical understanding and policy prescription. From the 19th c. tothe 21st c., realist balance of power politics have prevailed. Since the early20th c., liberal-institutionalism has emerged to challenge realist assumptionsin both Track I and Track II organizations such as the Institute of PacificRelations, APEC, the ASEAN Regional Forum, East Asian Summit, and CSCAP.Constructivism questions these older approaches, focusing on national andregional identity formation in explaining foreign policy outcomes. The coursewill consider realist, institutionalist and constructivist approaches toPacific Asia in examining prospects for peace and stability.
Last half of course will consider Critical Issues in A-P thatincludes case studies of maritime issues, crisis management mechanisms,regional projects, and specific bilateral issues in the region that illustratediffering intellectual approaches.
This course is concerned with the relationship between energy securityand human security. It will study the energy issues of East Asian countries asthey make difficult energy policy choices, attempting to achieve simultaneouslyeconomic growth, energy security, and environmental sustainability. Some ofthese issues are: whether to invest primarily in increasing supply or to investin managing demand; whether to cooperate in building a regional resource regimeor to engage in resource competition; what is the optimal mix of energy typesthat will further human security; who should decide energy choices—citizens, industry orgovernment--in a post-Fukushima world; how best to diversify oil importdependence between SLOCs & pipelines, between the Middle East, CentralAsia, and Russia; how should access to modern energy sources be expanded.
InternationalMonetary Theory and Policy
In an increasingly integrated global economy, this course offersstudents a theoretical framework for understanding policy issues with regard tofinancial markets and institutions. Economic issues pertaining to exchange ratepractices, flow of capital in an open economy, trade balances, sovereign debtand default are analyzed. The coursework also involves an in-depth study anddiscussions about currency war, BoP crisis, exchange rate regimes and theInternational Monetary System.
Globalization is reshaping the world and it means different things todifferent people. The economic challenges confronting nations in the 21stcentury, regardless of their level of development, are primarily outcomes ofglobalization. Globalization can be defined as the process of economicintegration of national economies into expanding international markets. Thesemovements towards markets transcend national borders. On the one handglobalization has enriched life but it has also thrown up new challenges thatneed to be addressed. The course aims to provide an understanding ofglobalization and the factors that are driving this process. It will alsoexamine different views and key economic issues on globalization.
Challengesin the Global Environment
The environment is not an “issue”; it is first and foremost theunderlying foundation of the earth’s life support system. The Energy, Resourcesand Environment (ERE) Program at the Hopkins Nanjing Center is designed toprovide graduate students with the ability to analyze and devise practicalsolutions to the daunting energy and environmental challenges that face theinternational community. In doing so, the program seeks to educate a newgeneration of environmentally-aware individual who will play key leadershiproles in the diverse array of institutions that will shape the energy andenvironmental future in the 21st century.
The vision for this course is to provide a comprehensiveenvironmental overview capable of addressing several of the major environmentalconcerns facing the international community today. It is designed to complementthe HNC course entitled Global Environmental Fundaments, which is offered inChinese, and which pays particular attention to agriculture, food security andwater concerns. This course instead focuses primarily on climate change,urbanization and infrastructure, anthropogenic pollution and biospeciesdiversity/extinction.
EconomicInstruments for Pollution Control
One of the major transformations that has occurred in environmentalmanagement over recent decades is an on-going shift from a “command- and-control” regulatory framework towards one utilizing economic instrument. Thishas occurred over a wide regulatory front, addressing such issues as pollutioncontrol, renewable energy, and energy efficiency. But the nature of thoseeconomic instrument- and whether they should be based upon prices orquantities- has generated considerable policy debate, and a rich academicliterature.
The course is designed to explore this transformation, and thegovernance concerns it introduces at the local, national and internationallevel. It explores both successful and unsuccessful applications, for a rangeof environmental concerns, in Europe, North America and Asia.
Much of the world’s attention is currently focused on the manner inwhich this transformation is taking place within China. The country is theworld’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHGs), and it plays a crucial rolein international negotiations and efforts to limit their impact on climatechange. The country has historically utilized price-based instruments in itsgovernance - including in the environmental sphere - but has recently adopted aseries of quantity-based ‘emissions trading’ pilot programs, and intends toemploy such an approach in a comprehensive national program. As part of itssurvey, this course will examine China’s on-going efforts to successfullyimplement such a GHG control program, and the factors necessary to make it asuccess.
InternationalEnvironmental Law and Policy
Offer a detailed overview of international environmental law (IEL).Introduce students to the history, development, and sources of IEL as adistinct field of public international law. Study and assess key concepts andprinciples of IEL, and apply them in a problem-solving context. Examine themechanisms of implementation, compliance, dispute settlement, and enforcementof IEL. Explore specific areas of environmental governance (eg, climate change& atmospheric pollution, protection of marine environment, conservation ofnature, ecosystem & biodiversity, nuclear energy), and the relationshipsbetween IEL and other regimes such as international trade and human rights.
Introduce students to the international law and practice related to theresolution of international disputes. Examine and critically assess the varioussettlement mechanisms available for resolving, in a peaceful manner,international disputes. Develop awareness of the appropriateness of particularsettlement mechanisms to particular disputes. Apply skills of conflict analysisto international scenarios
CorporateLaw: Governance and Responsibility in Comparative Perspective
We shall focus on two basic constitutional issues, freedom andequality. We shall examine these issues first but not only in the context ofAmerican Constitutional Law. So, students, Americans and non -Americans, willbe exposed to unique and different perspectives about the US Constitution. Thefirst half of the semester will be devoted to determining what is meant byfreedom in general and free speech in particular. We shall focus on Cyberlawand free speech issues regarding the internet since these are issues studentswill face in the future no matter what their job and where they are working. Weshall end this section by comparing Western notions of freedom to Eastern ones,particularly with regard to China, Hong Kong, etc. In this section, studentswill mostly examine and argue cases.
The second part of the course switches to issues of equality,primarily concerning gender equality. We begin by looking at equality cases inAmerican Constitutional Law. Then, we turn to examining actual situations,regarding discrimination and diversity, that women face everyday. We shall act out, discuss, and evaluatevarious scenarios that women confront. We end by having students investigategender equality issues in comparative and international perspectives. In thissection, students will have a rare opportunity to research gender issues in thecontext of countries throughout the world.
AmericanConstitution Law: Freedom and Equality
Thomas W. Simon
This course is a thorough exploration of the many facets ofcorporate law. After a brief history of the rise of corporations and acomparison of various forms of business organizations, we shall examine thefundamentals of corporate law by covering topics ranging from shareholderrights to mergers and acquisitions.
We shall then turn our attention to corporate liability issues suchas piercing the corporate veil as well as on issues in business ethics. Thebulk of the course, however, will focus on corporate social responsibility. Thecourse begins by focusing on American corporate law and then turns tocomparative corporate law before ending with a close look at Chinese corporatelaw, particularly with respect to corporate social responsibility regardingpollution and other issues.