Hopkins-Nanjing Center for Chinese andAmerican Studies Course Descriptions Fall Semester 2014 南京大学—约翰斯·霍普金斯大学中美文化研究中心 第二十九期美方课程说明(秋季)
East Asian Regionalism
The study of East Asian regionalism will be tailoredfor those whose concern will be more concrete and policy oriented thanabstractly theoretical. For this reasonwe will start off with a descriptive overview of what is happening (or nothappening) with respect to the institutionalization of regional cooperation inEast Asia and/or the Asia-Pacific. We will then look at academic theories ofregionalism that may or may not explain what we see today.
Next, we will study how three key actors have bothenvisioned regionalism and shaped its course in East Asia, i.e., Japan and itsidea of a regional division of labor; the US and its idea of hegemony; andASEAN with its notion of a community of small sovereign states “socializing”each other and bigger powers into a regional community. Finally, we consider China, which has not yet articulated its own vision ofregional community.
In regional security cooperation, we will note thevery different circumstances inNortheast and Southeast Asia. In economic cooperation, we shall see that themacro-region is more uniformly integrated due to economic globalizationprocesses, but different systems of political economy make institutionalizationof regional community ad hoc and fragmentary.
Finally, we end the course considering how thespecifically Asian character of the region distinguishes or explains the kindof regionalism we see developing there.
International Relations Theory
The beginning of the course is devoted to a review ofbasic concepts, such as realism, liberal idealism, constructivism, and levelsof analysis.
Next, we will read classic texts by Kenneth Waltz andRobert Keohane, who are the main representatives of neorealism and liberalinstitutionalism respectively. This will help you to understand the 40-year-olddebate between these mainstream schools of thought.
After this, we will study critiques of neorealism thatuse entirely different theoretical assumptions. This will allow you to see howdifferent theories create different worlds of thought and action. The goal isto make you see the techniques and value of “critical thinking.”
For the remainder of the course we will discussinternational political economy issues. Hopefully, this will give you useful backgroundinformation for current news and policy debates concerning economicglobalization.
Economics of Strategy (Level 2)
This is a level 2 course, so you should have somebackground in microeconomics. We will use quite a bit of game theory. You donot need to have taken a game (we will cover the necessary techniques in theclass), but you should be comfortable with mathematical reasoning and mightwant to have quick look at an introductory game theory book (e.g. Dixit andSkeath – I put a couple of chapters on academic access in the course folderunder “Readings/01 Introduction”).
Economics, particularly game theory, provides apowerful and flexible way to address a wide range of questions. In this class,I want to introduce students to some fascinating ways of thinking about topicsthat are not obviously related to economics – as well as a few that are.“Strategy” will be a common theme, but one that is interpreted quite broadly.
Comparative Economics: US & China
This is a level one economics course and so there areno economic prerequisites.
The course satisfies the economics, American studiesand Chinese studies distribution requirements.
This class will analyze the economic development ofChina and the United States since 1945 and consider the current and futurechallenges these economies will face.
The class will be primarily applied in focus, but wewill introduce some economic theory to help understand certain issues whereappropriate. Students will consider the challenges each economy has faced,understand the responses to these challenges and consider alternativeresponses. Students are stronglyencouraged to express their own views and ideas – both in class and on theexaminations.
American ForeignPolicy in Asia
This course analyzes the formulation and practice ofAmerican foreign policy, with emphasis on its continually changing relation tothe domestic political process, and how this impacts America's Asia policy. The course will be divided into foursegments designed to consider societal environment, political institutions,decision making, and then willapply these theoretical concerns to US-China relations.
This course provides an introduction to the varyingways in which societies around the world organize and govern themselves. Students examine different political systems,including democratic, communist,authoritarian, and the developmental state. They also explore how and why political systems change. To understand global societies and political systems in more detail, students study in depth the contemporarypolitical systems of selected countries such as Russia, China, Japan, the US,India, and Southeast Asian countries.
Critical Developments in American History
The purpose of this course is to advance eachstudent’s understanding of American history. I have taught this course severaltimes here at the Center, and I have learned from experience that some thingsin American history are more important than others to Chinese graduate students(the students for whom this course is designed). That this should be so seems to me to beentirely logical and natural. Accordingly, I have attempted to organize the course in ways to engagethe student as deeply and fully as possible – in the space of one semester.
Founding Fathers and Loyalists
Thegeneration (or actually two generations) of American leaders who conducted theRevolutionary War, then created the Constitution, and then established a federal government is generallyacclaimed as the most talented in American history. Indeed members of this cohort such as GeorgeWashington, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, andAlexander Hamilton are sometimes accorded the status of demigods … “foundingfathers” whose wisdom and accomplishments have been matched subsequently, ifever, only by Abraham Lincoln.
Invery recent years a relatively large number of writers have taken on the taskof trying to explain the qualities and achievements of these remarkableleaders. In this course, we will read someof these studies and also subject the founders and their work to our owncritical analyses. And we will extendour examination of the “founding” period to include the fate of some of thosepeople who opposed the Revolution, the so-called Loyalists. Our focus will be on the military andpolitical dimensions of the Revolution, the struggle over the Constitution, andthe presidential election of 1800. Therange of years: 1763 to 1816.
Impressivenew scholarship, especially thatof Maya Jasanoff, provides us with information and insights about the oppositeof the Founding Fathers, namely the Loyalists. So, our course since it originated four years ago, has evolved into astudy of what may be called the winners and also the losers in the AmericanRevolution.
This is an introductory course thatexplains basic economic concepts and principles of macroeconomics. We willstudy the tenets of major schools of thought, understand economicinterrelationships and examine models of economic behavior. We will also analyze and evaluate economicpolicies. It is anticipated that on completion of the course, students will beable to better understand and evaluate macroeconomic issues.
Money,Banking and Financial Institutions
The course should provide students anoverview of the economics of Money and Banking and the role of Banking &Financial Institutions. The course covers the theory of money and banking andthe macroeconomic impact of monetary policy on the real world. For a globalizedeconomy financial integration of global markets play a crucial role inpromoting growth and development.
LegalFoundations of International
This course introduces the student to thebasic legal concepts and principles governing State behavior in the globalarena, the nature and sources of international law, the law of treaties,international legal personality, territorial sovereignty, jurisdiction,immunities, State responsibility, compliance with, and enforcement of,international law. Current events inboth the international and regional domain are also examined from aninternational legal perspective. The methodological elements and the linkageswith international relations are highlighted.
International Humanitarian Law
· Providea detailed overview of international humanitarian law (IHL)/law of armedconflict LOAC] within a broad ublic international law context.
· Introducestudents to the origins, development, sources, and core principles of IHL/LOAC.
· Studyand assess the principles and rules applicable in armed conflict situations.
· Examinethe implementation and enforcement of IHL/LOAC.
· Discusscritically current developments and challenges for IHL/LOAC.
Air Pollution and its Control
The atmosphere is a biophysical layer of gases thatsupports and protects life as it exists on this planet, and changes in itscomposition at various scales – local, regional, national and international –can have significant deleterious effects to the health and welfare of species (including humans). Such changes can be brought about by bothnatural causes and anthropogenic activities, and since energy plays aparticularly crucial role in the latter, it is of vital concern in the Energy,Resources and Environment (ERE) program at HNC.
This course is designed as a survey course, addressingthe topic of air pollution and its control – paying particular attention to thetechnical and regulatory factors necessary to successfully implement an airpollution control program. Dealing with air pollution is obviously acomplex undertaking in any society, having important technical, economic,social, cultural and political components. There are literally thousands of individual pollutants, emitted from awide range of stationary and mobile emissions sources (and from natural sourcesas well) – and societies have very different governance systems, with differentlevels of technical and political capacity for addressing such concerns.
One particularly important component is the role of economics. This course does not focus directly on thatcomponent, since it will be addressed separately in its own follow-up HNCcourse (i.e., Economic Instruments for Pollution Control) to be offered in theSpring semester. Economic concerns willbe broadly addressed, however, as they pertain to regulatory issues (e.g., forsetting air quality goals; for designating technology standards, etc.).
This class is anessential element in meeting the goals of the ERE program; it is geared toprovide a good energy background to students who have previously not had muchexposure to the energy policy arena. It will provide an overview on all of thesubjects within the energy fields, as well as their impacts on the environment,economic growth and social development. Critical to this learning will be anemphasis on the interactivity among all the subjects and their impacts.Students will emerge from the course with a basic understanding of the majorissues in these fields as well as an appreciation of the types of policies thatmay be applied to address a variety of threats resulting from the growingglobal demand for energy.
The courseserves multiple functions. First, it is a survey course that provides studentswith an understanding of the major energy issues. Just as importantly, the course develops thecapacity of students, as they learn this material, to be able to analyzeoptions for meeting the challenges facing the energyarena. Students learn how to make “back-of-the-envelope” calculations regardingthe scope of a given problem or a proposed solution. Students also learn how toevaluate problems and suggest solutions within a two-page policy format that isused widely both in the public and private sectors.
Historyand Philosophy of Law in the West
The first task of this course is to expose students tothe fascinating world of philosophy. This course will provide students with a rare opportunity to challengeand enrich their own beliefs about human nature, the relationship between lawand morality, and about themselves. Second, students will become familiar with a rich variety of theories oflaw, classical and contemporary, as well as with legal reasoning. Students also willlearn about alternative theories of law, ranging from feminist jurisprudence toLaw & Economics. Finally, studentswill learn how to apply these theories to problems in criminal andconstitutional law.
We shall begin by comparing common and civil lawsystems, historically and operationally. The vast majority of countries have civil law systems. Yet, a common law ideology dominatescritiques of, for example, China’s civil law system.
Second, we shall compare the criminal law systems andthe international law compliance records of the following dyads: United States & theUnited Kingdom, France & Germany, and China & Japan. We shall examine why nations within thecommon law system and those within the civil law system differ in theirattitudes towards human rights treaties and environmental law. Also, we shall briefly look at thereligiously based legal system of Saudi Arabia.
Third, we shall examine China’s legal system in lightof, not British but rather, American legal prejudices (orientalism). Finally, we shall explore a number ofcandidates to play “the role of the central ethic lying at the heart ofcontemporary Chinese law and bringing moral legitimacy to government in China”(Head, 607).
Students do not need any legal background to take thiscourse. The amount of reading will bemade less burdensome by distributing the readings among the class members. Examination questions will be highlightedduring class sessions.
Modernity and World Social Thought
This seminar explores some key themes intwentieth and twenty-first century world social thought. Readings anddiscussions will deal with how the major civilisations have faced thechallenges of modernity. In particular, we shall probe the view of manythinkers that the changes of the last century add up to a crisis of self andsociety. What is the nature of modernity? Why have different civilisationsresponded so differently to it? What are the sources of resistance tomodernity, and what alternatives have they offered? What does a just andethical society look like, and is modernity making such a society easier orharder for us to achieve? These are the big questions of our time. This coursewill let us read and debate about them, and gain a broader perspective on thesocial changes that the world has experienced over the last century.
Politics ofRural Development
This courseprovides an introduction to the political issues surrounding rural development.Half of humanity remains in the countryside, often mired in extreme poverty.With tightening links between rural and urban areas, the challenges of thecountryside also spill over to affect people who do not live there. The rapidpace of change in rural China over the last thirty years is itself very worthyof discussion, and we shall cover many examples from here. But the course willplace these trends and challenges in broader global perspective, with casesdrawn from around the world. We can consider what lessons China might learnfrom, and offer to, other countries facing similar choices. There will beplenty of opportunity to consider not only theories, but also the practicalaspects of development in rural communities.
The MA colloquium is intended to help second-year MAstudents in the research and writing of their theses. The thesis is ademanding, year-long project at a level with which most of you will have had noprior experience. Often the most effective way to navigate this process is bysharing the experiences of others going through it at the same time. To thisend, the colloquium has three purposes. First, it will provide a forum in whichstudents can give presentations on their ongoing research and get suggestionsfrom peers. Second, a series of assignments with deadlines will give structureto the research process and allow you to receive feedback other than from yourown adviser. Third, visiting faculty members from a variety of disciplines willgive advice on thesis writing strategies and expectations, typically garneredfrom years of advising experience.